Thursday, July 23, 2020

The use of drones to reduce the population of mosquitoes that spread the disease

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The use of drones to reduce the population of mosquitoes that spread the disease

Reduce the population of mosquitoes that spread the disease

Vector-borne diseases are diseases which will be transmitted to humans by blood-sucking insects, like mosquitoes, ticks, and fleas. Mosquitoes are liable for the spread of vector-borne diseases like malaria, dengue, yellow jack and Zika.

According to the planet Health Organisation (WHO), this category of diseases represents 17% of all infectious diseases within the world, causing quite a million human deaths annually . Therefore, the event of the way to scale back the spread and spread of those diseases is of utmost importance, because it can save countless human lives.

In recent years, scientists have devised variety of control methods to scale back or control the population of harmful insects without injecting harmful chemicals into the environment. one among these methods is that the Sterile Insect Technique (SIT), a kind of pest control that involves the utilisation of radiation to disinfect male mosquitoes, which is then targeted. the world is released into the air and therefore the female begins to mate with insects. Wild.

Because a sterile male and a fertile female don't produce offspring after homosexuality, SITs reduce insect populations. However, to scale back the incidence of vector-borne diseases, large quantities of excellent quality disinfectant insects got to be released permanently during the affected geographical areas. Tech techniques for the discharge of sterile mosquitoes in extended geographies are therefore a barrier to enabling large-scale SIT application.

With this in mind, researchers at the International nuclear energy Agency's (IAEA) Joint Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) / Pest Control Laboratory in Vienna developed V-robotics and therefore the bio-factory Muscade Brazil. Is. Recently, a system of applying SIT using unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), or drones, has been wont to track the population of mosquitoes that transmit vector-borne diseases and their populations. to scale back This unique system, published in a piece of writing published in Science Robotics, involves the utilization of UAVs to release sterile mosquitoes into the air over large geographic areas.

"We report fully automated drone-driven mosquito release systems," said Jeremy Boyer, a doctor at the study, who co-authored the FAO / IA nuclear and food technology joint ventures. Also add the EA section.

The main objective of the Boyer and colleagues' study was to live the survival, dispersal and sexual competition of germ mosquitoes after they need been left within the geographic area by production , classification, handling, penis, tags and their use. Had to Unmanned aerial vehicles The UAV-based delivery system they need developed uses the boat during which the mosquitoes are cooled to 8-12 8C and compact. Each container can hold 50,000 male disinfectants. When the boat is opened, the mosquitoes fall under a rotating cylinder, leaving them within the open with each turn.


The use of drones to reduce the population of mosquitoes that spread the disease


The main objective of the Boyer and colleagues' study was to live the survival, dispersal and sexual competition of germ mosquitoes after they need been left within the geographic area by production , classification, handling, penis, tags and their use. Had to Unmanned aerial vehicles The UAV-based delivery system they need developed uses the boat during which the mosquitoes are cooled to 8-12 8C and compact. Each container can hold 50,000 male disinfectants. When the boat is opened, the mosquitoes fall under a rotating cylinder, leaving them within the open with each turn."Rotating speed controls the quantity of sterile men released per minute." "It's fully automated, and therefore the release rate are often controlled counting on the situation and speed of the drone. Our detection represents a big breakthrough within the SIT's application against mosquitoes. Supports expulsion, even in densely populated areas. "

So far, researchers in Brazil have reviewed the system, which aims to scale back the population of yellow-fever mosquito , a species of mosquito which will spread vector-borne diseases. Overall, they found that the male insecticides they released into the environment could compete with females in mating with females. this suggests that they need made effective disinfection of the overall population of yellow-fever mosquito mosquitoes within the countryside .

A system supported UAVs to sterilize mosquitoes can significantly reduce the value of implementing SITs, which can make it easier to hold out on an outsized scale. Their approach could even be ideal for SIT operations, because it would remove boundaries like access, allowing the discharge of sterile male mosquitoes in difficult remote areas.

In Brazil, researchers measured their mosquito release system employing a drone that weighed about 12 kilograms. However, in his upcoming training, he plans to create a little UAV prototype that weighs 900 g, falls into the category of European C-1 drones, that weigh 200 grams of mosquitoes (30,000). Can capture people, and he can fly. quarter-hour faraway from urban areas.


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